last modified: 2017-10-11

1. System

  • I use Debian, version 8.7 (why?)

  • Vi is used as a text editor in the following

  • MongoDB 3.4 and Elasticsearch 5.x

2. Why MongoDB and Elasticsearch?

  • MongoDB is a database which stores data without the need for a pre-established model ("strict description") of this data. In practice: I can save something into MongoDB without spending time creating tables and stuff. Just save a JSON doc, that’s it.

  • MongoDB alone is great, but I will store gigabytes of data, with several text fields and some simple graph logic as well. Elasticsearch is known for managing well the indexes and queries related to these data types.

3. Installing MongoDB

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp:// --recv 0C49F3730359A14518585931BC711F9BA15703C6
echo "deb jessie/mongodb-org/3.4 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.4.list
sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-org

create a new file:

sudo vi /etc/init.d/disable-transparent-hugepages

paste this in the text editor:

# Provides:          disable-transparent-hugepages
# Required-Start:    $local_fs
# Required-Stop:
# X-Start-Before:    mongod mongodb-mms-automation-agent
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Disable Linux transparent huge pages
# Description:       Disable Linux transparent huge pages, to improve
#                    database performance.

case $1 in
    if [ -d /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage ]; then
    elif [ -d /sys/kernel/mm/redhat_transparent_hugepage ]; then
      return 0

    echo 'never' > ${thp_path}/enabled
    echo 'never' > ${thp_path}/defrag

    if [[ $(cat ${thp_path}/khugepaged/defrag) =~ $re ]]
      # RHEL 7
      echo 0  > ${thp_path}/khugepaged/defrag
      # RHEL 6
      echo 'no' > ${thp_path}/khugepaged/defrag

    unset re
    unset thp_path

Make the file executable:

sudo chmod 755 /etc/init.d/disable-transparent-hugepages

Make the file to be ran on reboot:

sudo update-rc.d disable-transparent-hugepages defaults

Start Mongo:

sudo service mongod start

Check that it runs fine:

sudo cat /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log

→ There should be a line "[initandlisten] waiting for connections on port <port>"

And now stop it, as we will need to run it differently for elasticsearch:

sudo service mongod stop

3. Install Elasticsearch

Download the public signing key:

wget -qO - | sudo apt-key add -


sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https
echo "deb stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/elastic-5.x.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install elasticsearch
sudo /bin/systemctl daemon-reload
sudo /bin/systemctl enable elasticsearch.service

4. Config Elasticsearch

sudo vi /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml

→ switch this param to true: bootstrap.memory_lock: true

You then need to make sure the JVM Heap size is no more than half the RAM. First fix a memory param:

sudo mkdir /etc/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service.d
cd  /etc/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service.d

Add these lines:


Adjust resource limits:

sudo vi /etc/security/limits.conf

Add line:

elasticsearch - nofile 65536

Add a jvm parameter:

sudo vi /etc/elasticsearch/jvm.options

Add this line:

5. Install the mongo to elasticsearch connection

a. elastic2-doc-manager

This is a doc manager by mongodb labs.

sudo apt-get install python-setuptools
sudo easy_install pip
sudo pip install 'elastic2-doc-manager[elastic5]'
sudo pip install 'mongo-connector[elastic5]'

b. run Mongo as a replicaset

sudo service mongod stop

Create the path for your db (if needed)

sudo mkdir -p /data/db

sudo vi /etc/mongod.conf
Change dbPath to /data/db


sudo chown -R mongodb:mongodb /data/db
Then launch mongo as a replicaset:
sudo mongod --port 27017 --dbpath /data/db --replSet rs0 --fork --logpath /var/log/mongodb.mongod.log

6. Install kibana

Kibana is the visualization engine for elastic.

sudo wget -qO - | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get install kibana

Configure Kibana to start automatically at boot:

sudo /bin/systemctl daemon-reload
sudo /bin/systemctl enable kibana.service

7. Install X-pack

cd /usr/share/elasticsearch sudo bin/elasticsearch-plugin install x-pack

cd /usr/share/kibana sudo bin/kibana-plugin install x-pack

8. Disable the security component of X-Pack

This security component is hard to configure, and we don’t need it if we run elasticsearch behind a web server and a reverse proxy, on a single machine.

Add false

to /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml

and to /etc/kibana/kibana.yml

Also in the same kibana.conf file, change the default username and passwd to "elastic" and "changeme" and leave the quotes

  • start Elasticsearch: sudo /usr/share/elasticsearch/bin elasticsearch

  • start Kibana: sudo /usr/share/kibana/bin kibana

9. Install the Mongo-connector for ElasticSearch

sudo apt-get install python2.7 python-pip curl
sudo pip install mongo-connector

Edit the conf of Mongo to turn on replicasets:

 sudo vi /etc/mongo.conf
(can also be: sudo vi /etc/mongod.conf)

Uncomment "replication", add two lines:

  replSetName: rs0
  oplogSizeMB: 100
sudo mongo-connector -m localhost:27017 -t localhost:9200 -d elastic2_doc_manager  -n database1.collection1,database1.collection2

10. Start elasticsearch and Kibana

sudo service elasticsearch start
 sudo systemctl start kibana.service

You can check that the connection is made here, your Mongo collections should be listed on this page:

 == The end
//ST: The end
//ST: !

Find references for this lesson, and other lessons, here.

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